Dance Information

Here you'll find links to videos of most of the steps for each of the dances as well as links to music clips, professional demonstrations, and collegiate beginner competitions.
1. Forward Basic   6. Right Box Turn
1b. Backward Basic   6a. Right Rock Turn
2. Hesitations in 6 Directions   7. Progressive Twinkles Forward
3. Left Box Turn   7b. Progressive Twinkles Backward
3b. Hesitation Rock Turn   8. Promenade Walk-Around
4. Hesitation Promenade   9. Advanced Left Turn
5. Simple Twinkle   10. Promenade Pivot from Hesitation
5b. Triple Twinkle   10b. Promenade Pivot from Twinkle

Music Sample
Newcomer Collegiate Competition
Professional Competition

The Waltz developed in Vienna in the 18th century.  The Waltz is probably the most graceful of all the smooth dances.
1. Closed Basic   6. Turning Rock from Promenade
1b. Outside Partner Basic   6b. Turning Rock to Promenade
2. Promenade Basic   7. Rock Changes
2b. Promenade to Back Tango Close   8. Rock with Fan
3. Argentine Walk   8b. Open Promenade to Fan
4. Simple Corte   9. Promenade Walk-Around
4b. Rock and Corte   10. Promenade Pivot
5. Forward Rocks      

Music Sample
Newcomer Collegiate Competition
Professional Competition

The Tango originated in Spain in the mid-nineteenth century and was modified when it was introduced in Argentina.  The Tango is a powerful dance which stays level in the body, rather than having rise and fall like the other smooth and standard dances.
1. Forward Basic   6. Closed Position Quarter Turns
1b. Backward Basic   6b. Outside Position Quarter Turns
2. Left Box Turn   7. Progressive Twinkles Forward
2b. Left Rock Turn   7b. Progressive Twinkles Backward
3. Promenade Basic   8. Right Box Turn
4. Swing Step   8b. Right Rock Turn
5. Simple Twinkle   9. Promenade Walk-Around
5b. Triple Twinkle   10. Promenade Pivot

Music Sample
Newcomer Collegiate Competition
Professional Competition

The Foxtrot originated in 1914 by the actor Harry Fox.  The Foxtrot is a slow and casual dance, characterized by long smooth steps.
1. Basic Left Turn   6. Curtsey Hesitation
1b. Left Hesitation Turn   7. Right Side Run-Around
2. Basic Right Turn   8. Promenade Run-Around
2b. Right Hesitation Turn   9. Canter Rocks Left
3. Side Hesitation   9b. Canter Rocks Right
3b. Side Cross Hesitation   10. Left Fleckerel
4. Forward Hesitation   10b. Right Fleckerel
4b. Backward Hesitation      
5. Progressive Hesitation      

Music Sample
Professional Competition

This form of Waltz is danced much faster and includes rapid turning down the floor.  It is one of the more difficult dances to learn for beginners due to the speed of the dance and technique of turning.

The American Smooth and International Standard dances could be considered "classic dances".  Both American Smooth and International Standard include Waltz, Tango, Foxtrot, and Viennese Waltz. International Standard includes a fifth dance, Quickstep. All the dances are danced counterclockwise around the dance floor.  American Smooth allows couples to break apart and do side-by-side or open choreography, whereas in International Standard the couple must remain in contact or closed dance position at all times.

Note: Due to a lack of standardization in the American style, many names of the steps and some of the choreography differ from the videos.

1. Side Basic   6. Outside Breaks Forward
1b. Passing Basic   6a. Outside Breaks Backward
2. Open Break   7. Peek-a-boo
3. Open Break with Arch Turn   8. Single Cuddle
4. Simple Cross-overs   8b. Double Cuddle
4b. Cross-over with Arch Turn   9. Cross Body Lead
5. Cross-over with Apart Turn   10. Half Turn Chase
      10b. Cross-over Chase
      10c. Full Turn Chase

Music Sample
Newcomer Collegiate Competition
Professional Competition

Perhaps the most popular Latin dance, the Cha-Cha is a Cuban dance which originated from Mambo.
1. Box Step (Basic)   6. Open Break from Box Step
1b. Slow Arch Turn   6b. Open Break from Side Basic
2. Breaks in 6 Directions   7. Cross Body Lead
3. Forward Rocks   8. Open Cuban Walk
3b. Backward Rocks   9. Forward Spot Turn
4. Outside Breaks Forward   9b. Backward Spot Turn
4b. Outside Breaks Backward   10. Arch Turn
5. Promenade Breaks   10b. Loop Turn

Music Sample
Newcomer Collegiate Competition
Professional Competition

The Rumba, which originated in Cuba, is supposed to highlight the lady.  It is a slow dance, often called "the dance of love".  The Rumba is slow and sensual with some quick spins and turns.
1. Basic   6. Lindy Basic
2. Throwaway   6b. Whip
2b. Link Rock   6c. Whip Throwaway
3. Arch Turn   7. Peek-a-boo
3b. Loop Turn   8. Simple Sugar Push
4. Man's Turn   8b. Turning Sugar Push
5. Tuck-in with Arch Turn   9. Circle Swivel
5b. Tuck-in with Free Turn   10. Sugarfoot
5c. Double Tuck-in      

Music Sample
Newcomer Collegiate Competition
Professional Competition

There are many forms of Swing including Lindy Hop, Jitterbug, and East and West Coast Swing.  Due to its many forms, Swing can be danced to a broad range of music: big-band, country, pop, or oldies.
1. Basic   6. Lady's Underarm Turn
2a. Open Break (Forward)   7. Right Side Pass
2b. Open Break (Back)   8. Open Cuban Walks
2c. Open Break (Flex Point)   9. Rock Steps
3. Fifth Position Breaks   10. Back Spot Turn / Natural Top
4. Cross-Over Breaks      
5a. Cross-Body Lead (Closed)      
5b. Cross-Body Lead (Open)      
5c. Cross-Body Lead (Open Counter Promenade)      

Music Sample
Professional Competition

Bolero is similar to Rumba and Waltz, it is slower than the Rumba and involves very quick spins and turns followed by slow and sustained streches. It also includes the rise and fall characterstic to Waltz.
1. Preparation   6. Forward Spot Turn
1b. Closed Basic   6b. Backward Spot Turn
1c. Passing Basic   7. Cross Body Lead
2. Basic Breaks Forward & Back   8. Loop Pass
2b. Side Breaks   9. Cuddle
2c. Promenade Breaks   10. Half-Turn Chase
3. Open Break   10b. Full-Turn Chase
3b. Open Break with Arch Turn      
4. Cross-over Breaks      
5. Outside Breaks Forward      
5b. Outside Breaks Backward      

Music Sample
Newcomer Collegiate Competition
Professional Competition

The Mambo is a Cuban dance and was featured in the movie "Dirty Dancing".  It is a fast dance and some of the basic steps are very similar to Salsa.

Both American Rhythm and International Latin include Cha-Cha and Rumba with the American version of Rumba being faster. American Rhythm also includes Swing, Bolero, and Mambo whereas the other dances in International Latin are the Samba, Paso Doble, and Jive (a faster version of the swing).

Pre-Bronze
Silver
Gold

Music Sample
Professional Competition

This form of Waltz is danced much faster and includes rapid turning down the floor.  It is one of the more difficult dances to learn for beginners due to the speed of the dance and technique of turning.

The American Smooth and International Standard dances could be considered "classic dances".  Both American Smooth and International Standard include Waltz, Tango, Foxtrot, and Viennese Waltz. International Standard includes a fifth dance, Quickstep. All the dances are danced counterclockwise around the dance floor.  American Smooth allows couples to break apart and do side-by-side or open choreography, whereas in International Standard the couple must remain in contact or closed dance position at all times.

Both American Rhythm and International Latin include Cha-Cha and Rumba with the American version of Rumba being faster. American Rhythm also includes Swing, Bolero, and Mambo whereas the other dances in International Latin are the Samba, Paso Doble, and Jive (a faster version of the swing).

Other Ballroom Dances:

There are two additional dances that you will find very often at ballroom dances and sometimes as addtional competition events.

    Hustle - The Hustle is a modern dance and is essentially disco dancing.  The Hustle is a relatively fast dance although the dancers should look smooth and not bouncy.

    Merengue - The Merengue is a Domincan dance and is probably the easiest of all Latin dances to learn.  The Merengue is a moderately fast dance, often danced in Latin clubs.